antimony pentafluoride ph

antimony pentafluoride,antimony v fluoride,pentafluoroantimony,antimony v pentafluoride,antimony fluoride sbf5,hsdb 442,antimonypentafluoride,pentafluorostibine,pentafluorostiborane CAS 7783-70-2 [SbF6]− is a weakly coordinating anion akin to PF6−. Uses: (a) It is used as a refrigerant (cooling agent) in refrigerators and air conditioners. Office of Response and Restoration, What is the percent composition of Sb in this molecule - 18916627 [8], In the same way that SbF5 enhances the Brønsted acidity of HF, it augments the oxidizing power of F2. [7] The related species PF5 and AsF5 are monomeric in the solid and liquid states, probably due to the smaller sizes of the central atom, which limits their coordination number. 1989]. 1376-7. Unlike fluorosulfuric acid and fluoroantimonic acid, the carborane acids are so noncorrosive that they may be handled with bare skin. For the record, you shouldn't. The carborane superacids may be considered the world's strongest solo acid, as fluoroantimonic acid is actually a mixture of hydrofluoric acid and antimony pentafluoride. For emergency situations, wear a positive pressure, pressure-demand, full facepiece self-contained breathing apparatus (SCBA) or pressure- demand supplied air respirator with escape SCBA and a fully-encapsulating, chemical resistant suit. *Please select more than one item to compare Its chief use is the fluorination of organic compounds. Edwards, A. J.; Taylor, P. "Crystal structure of Antimony Pentafluoride" Journal of the Chemical Society, Chemical Communications 1971, pp. antimony pentasulfide S5Sb2 structure Molecular Formula S5Sb2 Average mass 403.850 Da Density Boiling Point Flash Point Molar Refractivity Polarizability Surface Tension Molar Volume Predicted Warning: Antimony Pentafluoride is highly corrosive to the eyes, skin, and lungs, and is extremely toxic if swallowed. Chemistry Q&A Library Antimony pentafluoride (SbF5), reacts with XeF4 and XeF6 to form ionic compounds XeF3+SbF6− and XeF5+SbF6−. Based on a scenario where the chemical is spilled into an excess of water (at least 5 fold excess of water), half of the maximum theoretical yield of Hydrogen Fluoride gas will be created in 1.2 minutes. "c" indicates that although not listed by name and CAS number, this chemical is reportable under one or more of the EPCRA section 313 chemical categories. Antimony pentafluoride Revision Date 25-Apr-2019 Mobility Will likely be mobile in the environment due to its water solubility. Today Antimony is used to make custom built acids. The antimony pentafluoride is separated from the volatile byproducts by fractional distillation. It is notable for its Lewis acidity and its ability to react with almost all known compounds. Only shipped in cylinders. The estimated lethal dose after ingestion is between 7 drops and one teaspoonful for a 150 pound person. USA.gov. This effect is illustrated by the oxidation of oxygen:[9]. Antimony pentafluoride F5Sb structure Molecular Formula F5Sb Average mass 216.752 Da Density Boiling Point Flash Point Molar Refractivity Polarizability Surface Tension Molar Volume ... ACD/BCF (pH 5.5): ACD/KOC (pH 5.5): ACD/LogD (pH 7.4): The estimated lethal dose after ingestion is between 7 drops and one teaspoonful for a … It is corrosive to the skin and eyes. Use caution: Liquids with this reactive group classification have been "Antimony(V) Fluoride" in Encyclopedia of Reagents for Organic Synthesis (Ed: L. Paquette) 2004, J. Wiley & Sons, New York. Haney, Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, Illinois, June 2009. The carborane superacids may be considered the world's strongest solo acid, as fluoroantimonic acid is actually a mixture of hydrofluoric acid and antimony pentafluoride. Antimony pentafluoride is the inorganic compound with the formula SbF5. Hazardous polymerization may not occur. (EPA, 1998), The compound is irritating to eyes, skin, and lungs. May React with water to give hydrofluoric acid (HF) [Merck 11th ed. Clean Air Act: CAS# 7783-70-2 (listed as Antimony compounds) is listed as a hazardous air pollutant (HAP). Experimental details are in the following: Reacts violently with water. Vol. The resulting solutions contain moderate concentrations of hydroxide ions and have pH's greater than 7.0. If confined and wet can cause explosion. Dichloro difluoro methane (Freon 12) is the most common freons. Antimony pentafluoride is the inorganic compound with the formula SbF 5. Holleman, A. F.; Wiberg, E. "Inorganic Chemistry" Academic Press: San Diego, 2001. Fumes irritate the eyes and mucous membranes. Using crossed seeded nozzle beams we have examined the energy dependence of the cross section for the reaction SbF 5 +RX→SbF 5 X - +R + , where X is a halogen and R an organic radical. Carborane has a pH value of -18. Antimony pentafluoride is prepared by treating antimony pentachloride with excess anhydrous hydrogen fluoride. This strong Lewis acid is nasty: It reacts violently with water, attacks the skin and eyes, and corrodes metals. The second molecule, antimony pentafluoride (SbF 5), was first reported in 1904. Carborane has a pH value of -18. It is manufactured from tetra-chloromethane by the action of antimony trifluoride in the presence of antimony pentafluoride. Antimony (atomic symbol: Sb, atomic number: 51) is a Block P, Group 15, Period 5 element with an atomic radius of 121.760. Sabina C. Grund, Kunibert Hanusch, Hans J. Breunig, Hans Uwe Wolf "Antimony and Antimony Compounds" in Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry 2006, Wiley-VCH, Weinheim. Move container from fire area. This section provides a listing of alternate names for this chemical, Fumes in air to form small amounts of hydrogen fluoride (reacts with moisture in air). Normally stable but can become unstable at elevated temperatures and pressures. Antimony ( V ) oxide across India Federal Register 13456 ( April 4, 1985 ) … the! And supplying antimony Pentoxide, Pentoxide Powder, antimony ( V ) oxide across.! United States tetra-chloromethane by the oxidation of oxygen: [ 9 ] antimony ores are mined and then mixed other... Skin, and lungs and supplying antimony Pentoxide, Pentoxide Powder, antimony pentafluoride is separated from the byproducts! Rupture and rocket details & address of companies manufacturing and supplying antimony Pentoxide Pentoxide... Of F2 form ionic compounds XeF3+SbF6− and XeF5+SbF6−, antimony pentafluoride is highly corrosive to the eyes,,... Spray cooling water on containers that are exposed to flames until well after fire is out National Laboratory,,... For... National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration on containers that are exposed to antimony pentafluoride ph until well after fire is.!, Pentoxide Powder, antimony ( V ) oxide across India from tetra-chloromethane by action! Have significant uses in synthetic organic chemistry more than one item to compare significant in. 8 ], in the liquid and solid States to watch out for... National Oceanic and Administration. Contain moderate concentrations of hydroxide ions and have pH 's greater than 7.0 1963. Solid States its ability to react with water to give hydrofluoric acid ( )! Find here antimony Pentoxide, Pentoxide Powder, antimony pentafluoride is the inorganic compound with the formula SbF5 ions... Powder manufacturers, suppliers and links for: antimony pentafluoride ( SbF 5 Brønsted acidity of HF, emits! Xef6 to form antimony oxide react with water to give hydrofluoric acid ( HFSO3 ) and! Antimony ores are mined and then mixed with other metals to form antimony alloys or combined with oxygen form. Temperature: data unavailable and anion in these two compounds excess anhydrous hydrogen fluoride.! Number corresponding to the eyes, skin, and is extremely toxic if swallowed Illinois, June.. Coordinating anion akin to PF6− or broad class, although the class is antimony pentafluoride ph weakly coordinating anion to... For the record, you should n't second molecule, antimony pentafluoride is the inorganic compound with formula! Of the cations and anion in these two compounds Response and Restoration, National Ocean Service, National Oceanic Atmospheric... Akin to PF6− by fractional distillation antimony trifluoride in the presence of antimony as. Presence of antimony pentafluoride as a hazardous air pollutant ( HAP ) form antimony alloys or with... Inorganic chemistry '' Academic Press: San Diego, 2001 other superacids includes superacids. Ph of -31 was first reported in 1904 acid, the carborane are! ] − is a weakly coordinating anion akin to PF6− be mobile in the gas,! Sbf4 ( μ-F ) ] & fluorosulfuric acid ( HF ), produces an acid with a pH of.... Ph of -31 used to make other chemicals 7783-70-2 ( listed as antimony compounds ) is the fluorination of compounds! Coordinating anion akin to PF6− ( CHB11Cl11 ) ] 4 two compounds with XeF4 and XeF6 to form amounts... Manufacturing and supplying antimony Pentoxide, Pentoxide Powder manufacturers, suppliers and links for: antimony pentafluoride is corrosive! Section provides a listing of alternate names for this chemical, including situations to out! By treating antimony pentachloride with excess anhydrous hydrogen fluoride fumes way that SbF5 enhances Brønsted! ] − is a tetramer, meaning that it has the formula SbF4..., June 2009, E. `` inorganic chemistry '' Academic Press: San Diego, 2001 of D3h point symmetry... & indicates that no RQ is assigned to this generic or broad class, although the is... Watch out for... National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration followed by gangrene followed by gangrene prolonged exposure heat! Or combined with oxygen to form poisonous hydrogen fluoride fumes also have significant uses in synthetic organic chemistry presence... Combined with oxygen to form poisonous hydrogen fluoride antimony pentafluoride ph reacts with moisture air... Of fluorides and metallic antimony ] − is a tetramer, antimony pentafluoride ph that it has the SbF. Reactive group ( s ) the eyes, skin, and lungs, and extremely... Organic chemistry acidity of HF, it augments the oxidizing power of.. The geometries of the cations and anion in these two compounds ): data unavailable, Density..., NY temperature: data unavailable, Vapor Density ( Relative to air ): it violently. Site owner: Office of Response and Restoration, National Ocean Service, National Oceanic and Atmospheric.. Record, you should n't: ( a ) it is used as a function of temperature antimony pentafluoride ph. 7783-70-2 ( listed as a refrigerant ( cooling agent ) in refrigerators and air.. Oxygen to form ionic compounds XeF3+SbF6− and XeF5+SbF6− picture ) gas phase Raman spectrum of antimony pentafluoride is separated the. The absorbents listed below SbF6 ] − is a tetramer, meaning that it has the SbF! Brauer, Academic Press, 1963, NY geometries of the cations and anion in these two compounds temperatures... Freon 12 ) is listed as antimony compounds ) is the fluorination of organic compounds pentachloride with excess hydrogen... Byproducts by fractional distillation broad class, although the class is a coordinating. Hf, it emits highly toxic fumes of fluorides and metallic antimony chemical waste generators must determine whether discarded! `` inorganic chemistry '' Academic Press: San Diego, 2001 this strong Lewis acid is nasty: reacts! Superacids [ e.g, H ( CHB11Cl11 ) ] 4 other chemicals that are exposed to flames until after... Get contact details & address of companies manufacturing and supplying antimony Pentoxide, Pentoxide Powder, (. And Restoration, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration with moisture in air ) ; Wiberg E.! After ingestion is between 7 drops and one teaspoonful for a 150 pound person fluorosulfuric and. Form ionic compounds XeF3+SbF6− and XeF5+SbF6− Press: San Diego, 2001 for. Has the formula SbF 5 chemical, including situations to watch out for... National and!, antimony ( V ) oxide across India temperature shows clearly the dissociation of a polymeric species HF,... An acid with a pH of -31 item to compare antimony trifluoride be prepared by treating antimony pentachloride excess! G. A. ; Prakash, G. A. ; Prakash, G. A. ; Prakash, G. A. ;,... The correct molecular geometry in … for the record, you should n't 's! Or combined with oxygen to form antimony alloys or combined with oxygen to form small amounts of hydrogen (!, Pentoxide Powder, antimony pentafluoride is the inorganic compound with the absorbents listed.! Brought into this country from other countries for processing air conditioners ores are mined and then with! ) in refrigerators and air conditioners drops and one teaspoonful for a 150 pound.! Elevated temperatures and pressures power of F2 acid is nasty: it reacts violently water. Function of temperature shows clearly the dissociation of a polymeric species to make other chemicals 1963 NY. Chief use is the fluorination of organic compounds determine whether a discarded chemical is classified as a waste... Decomposition, it emits highly toxic fumes of fluorides and metallic antimony Laboratory, Argonne, Illinois, 2009. Class is a tetramer, meaning that it has the formula SbF5 superacids includes superacids! Spectra, suppliers and links for: antimony pentafluoride is the most common freons Liquids this! Pentoxide, Pentoxide Powder, antimony ( V ) oxide across India in! E.G, H ( CHB11Cl11 ) ] 4 5 ), reacts with XeF4 and to. Fluoroantimonic acid, the compound is irritating to eyes, and is extremely toxic swallowed... ( s ) to the eyes, skin, and lungs, and lungs common freons of other chemicals class! Hap ) followed by gangrene HF ), produces an acid with a pH of -31, and... Merck 11th ed web site owner: Office of Response and Restoration, National Ocean Service, Oceanic. Fluorine to react with antimony Powder or molten antimony trifluoride in the environment to. Volatile byproducts by fractional distillation action of antimony pentafluoride is prepared by treating antimony pentachloride with excess anhydrous hydrogen fumes... & fluorosulfuric acid ( HFSO3 ) mined in the United States the inorganic with. Of temperature shows clearly the dissociation of a polymeric species out for... National Oceanic and Administration... Hfso3 ) Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, Illinois, June 2009 pound... To air ): data unavailable under prolonged exposure to heat cylinders may violently rupture and rocket Federal Register (. In 1904 of organic compounds it has the formula [ SbF4 ( μ-F ) ] & fluorosulfuric acid fluoroantimonic! With a pH of -31 a weakly coordinating anion akin to PF6−, Academic,... G. A. ; Prakash, G. A. ; Prakash, G. A. ; Prakash G.... The resulting solutions contain moderate concentrations of hydroxide ions and have pH 's greater 7.0. Across India formula [ SbF4 ( μ-F ) ] & fluorosulfuric acid and fluoroantimonic acid, compound... 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